The fundamental are articles of faith in Islam to believe in Allah, His Prophets, His Revealed Books, the angels, the afterlife and the destiny/divine decree. Faith in the unseen world created by Allah is thus an integral element of faith in Islam. Among the creatures of the unseen are angels, who are mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an as faithful servants of Allah.
The Nature of Angels
In Islam, it is believed that angels have been created from light, before the creation of humans from clay. They are naturally obedient creatures, worshipping Allah and carrying out His Commands. Angels have no free choice like humans, so it is simply not in their nature to disobey. The Qur’an says:
They do not disobey Allah’s commands that they receive; they do precisely what they are commanded. (At-Tahrim 66:6).
Angels are genderless and do not require sleep, food or drink.
Roles of Angels
The Glorious Qur’an describes that angels have been created to worship Allah and carry out His Commands:
Everything in the heavens and every creature on the earth prostrates to Allah, as do the angels. They are not puffed up with pride.
They fear their Lord above them and do everything they are ordered to do. (An-Nahl 16:49-50).
Angels are involved in carrying out duties in both the unseen and seen worlds.
Angels Mentioned by Name
Several angels are referred to with their names in the Qur’an, with a description of their responsibilities:
Jibreel (Gabriel) who is in charge of conveying Allah’s Revelation to His Prophets.
Israfeel (Raphael) who is in charge of blowing the trumpet to mark the Day of Judgment.
Mika’il (Michael) who is in charge of rainfall and sustenance.
Munkar and Nakeer who will question everyone in the grave about their faith and deeds.
Malak Al-Mawt (Angel of Death) whose job is taking possession of souls after death.
Malik, the guardian of hell.
Ridwan, the guardian of heaven.